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This report reviews the options for Welsh agriculture and land use to reduce GHG emissions in line with the Welsh Government target of achieving “Net Zero” emissions by 2050. The report updates previous Welsh Government reviews in 2008 and 2010. In the last decade, a large amount of research has been done to find ways to reduce the GHG emissions from livestock farming, manures and fertilisers and soils.  

The report looks at ways that existing farm production levels and systems could be maintained in Wales, whilst reducing emissions. Production efficiencies and technical interventions have been identified as options for reducing emissions. The production levels depend on public demand where there are public health pressures to reduce consumption of red meat and dairy products.

The review assessed methods for: 

  • Reducing methane emissions from ruminants 
  • Reducing nitrous oxide emissions from the application of manures and fertilizers on soils 
  • Reducing emissions from manure storage, handling and application 
  • Maintaining and enhancing carbon stocks in soils and peats,  
  • Expanding carbon sequestration in biomass and soils to offset emissions from other sources. 


PDF icon ERAMMP Rpt-68 Decarb Evidence Review

How to cite this report:
PDF icon Prosser, H. (2022). Environment and Rural Affairs Monitoring & Modelling Programme (ERAMMP) ERAMMP Report-68: Review of GHG Emission Reduction and Carbon Sequestration in Agriculture to Inform Agricultural andLand Use Policy. Report to Welsh Government (Contract C210/2016/2017)(UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology Projects 06297 & 06810)